Eucharist

Eucharist: the Sacrament which re-presents in the Mass the sacrificial death of Christ and his Resurrection making it possible for us to eat his body and drink his blood (CCC, 1323)

1. Understanding the Sacrament

a. Scriptural basis: (Ex. 12; Mt 14:13-21, Mt 26:26-29, Mk 6:30-33, Mk 14:22-25; Lk 9:10-17, Lk 22:14-20; Jn 2:1-12, Jn 6: 22-59, Jn 13-17; 1 Cor 11:23ff) (CCC, 1337-1344)

1) The Eucharist is pre-figured in the Old Testament, beginning with the priest-king Melchizedek (Gen. 14:18-20), in Israel eating unleavened bread every year at Passover, and Yahweh providing manna from heaven (CCC, 1333, 1544).

b. Historical development (CCC, 1324-1332, 1345)

c. Theology

2. Celebration

a. Parts of the Mass (CCC, 1348-1355)

b. Roles of Priests and Deacons (CCC, 1566, 1570)

c. Roles of Faith Community (CCC, 1140, 1348)

3. Essential elements

4. Christ’s Real Presence

a. Transubstantiation (CCC, 1373-1377)

b. Worship of the Eucharist

1) Adoration (CCC, 1378)

2) Tabernacle (CCC, 1379)

3) Reverence (CCC, 1385-1386, 1418)

5. Effects of the Sacrament

6. Requirements for fruitful reception

7. Other Receptions

8. Minister of the Sacrament (CCC, <1369, 1566<)

9. Role of Extraordinary Ministers of Holy Communion (CCC, 1411) (CIC 910.2 and 230.3)

10. Implications

11. Appropriating and living this Sacrament